Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer

Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer

مِرزا سلامت علی دبِیر
29 August 1803


29 August 1803




Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer was a prominent Urdu poet and historian of the 19th century. Born in Delhi, India, in 1803, he gained recognition for his exceptional poetic prowess and his historical works. Dabeer’s real name was Mirza Salaamat Ali, and he was given the title “Dabeer,” which means wise or intelligent, due to his profound intellect and erudition.

He was a poet of the classical Urdu ghazal and is particularly celebrated for his Marsias, a form of elegiac poetry written to commemorate the tragedy of Karbala and the martyrdom of Imam Husain. His Marsias are known for their emotional depth, eloquence, and rich use of language, captivating audiences with their evocative descriptions and poignant expressions of grief.

Apart from his contributions to poetry, Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer was also a skilled historian. He authored “Rausat-Us-Safa fi Sirat-Ul-Mustafa,” a historical work documenting the life and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. This work demonstrates his proficiency in prose and his commitment to recording historical events accurately.

Dabeer’s literary legacy continues to be cherished in Urdu literature for his eloquent poetry and valuable historical writings, showcasing his immense talent and deep understanding of language and history. His contributions have left an indelible mark on the rich tapestry of Urdu literature and history.

Early life

Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer, often known simply as Dabeer, was an eminent Urdu poet in the court of the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II. Born in 1803 in Delhi, he received his early education in classical Persian and Arabic literature. His father, Haji Nazir Ali Khan, was a poet and a learned man, which likely influenced Dabeer’s interest in poetry.

Dabeer belonged to the generation of poets who witnessed the decline of the Mughal Empire and the emergence of British colonial rule in India. He started composing poetry at a young age and gained recognition for his literary skills, especially in the realm of Urdu poetry. His poetic prowess and command over various literary forms such as ghazal, marsiya, and qasida were highly esteemed.

He was not only a poet but also a historian, and his poetic works often reflected the social and political upheavals of his time. His poetry mirrored the sorrow and grief of the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Dabeer’s notable work includes his Marsiya, an elegy on the tragic incident of Karbala, which is highly regarded for its emotional depth, eloquence, and literary beauty.

Dabeer’s association with the Mughal court allowed him to interact with various intellectuals and poets of his time, further enhancing his literary skills. However, with the decline of the Mughal Empire and the shifting political landscape, he faced financial difficulties and struggled to maintain his livelihood.

He passed away in 1875 in Delhi, leaving behind a legacy of poignant and eloquent poetry that continues to be celebrated in Urdu literary circles. His literary contributions and the emotional depth of his poetry have solidified his place as one of the most respected poets in Urdu literature.

Story behind the name

Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer was a renowned Urdu poet in the court of the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II, during the 19th century. His pen name, “Dabeer,” held a specific significance in the literary circles of his time.

The term “Dabeer” is an Arabic word that means “foremost” or “unique.” Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer was given this title as a mark of recognition for his exceptional poetic prowess and intellectual depth. His eloquence, mastery over language, and the intricate weaving of words and emotions in his poetry were highly regarded, leading to the attribution of this distinguished pen name.

Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer’s poetic compositions were characterized by their depth, sophistication, and profound meanings, earning him great respect and admiration among his contemporaries. His ability to craft verses that delved into various subjects and emotions, especially the portrayal of historical events and the tragedies of his time, contributed to the enduring legacy of his name as “Dabeer,” signifying his exceptional skill and preeminence in the world of Urdu poetry.


Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer, born in 1803, was a renowned Urdu poet from Delhi, India, known for his mastery in composing Marsias, a form of elegiac poetry in Urdu that mourns the tragedy of Karbala and the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad.

His most celebrated work is “Roshan-ul-Quloob,” a poetic collection that contains various Marsias and elegies. Dabeer’s eloquence, depth of emotion, and poetic skill earned him a significant place in Urdu literature, especially for his contributions to Marsia and elegiac poetry.

His notable works include:
“Roshan-ul-Quloob” is considered his magnum opus, a significant collection of elegies and Marsias.
“Nauha-e-Zainab” is another notable elegy that mourns the sufferings of Zainab, the sister of Imam Hussain, during the tragic events of Karbala.

Dabeer’s poetry is characterized by its profound emotional expression, vivid imagery, and an ability to evoke intense sentiments in the hearts of the readers. His contributions to Urdu literature, particularly in the realm of Marsia, have solidified his place among the great poets of the subcontinent.


Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer, a renowned Urdu poet of the 19th century, is celebrated for his contributions to classical Urdu poetry. His legacy primarily rests on his magnum opus, the “Gulistane-e-Sada” (Garden of Melodies). Dabeer was a master of the “marsiya” (elegy) and “qasida” (ode) forms of Urdu poetry.

His ‘Gulistane-e-Sada’ is a collection of elegies, which are deeply emotional and eloquent in their portrayal of tragic events, particularly centered around the martyrdom of Imam Hussain and his companions at the Battle of Karbala. Dabeer’s poetic renditions carry profound sorrow and a sense of martyrdom, appealing not only to the emotional sensibilities of his contemporaries but also retaining their relevance and impact across generations.

His mastery lay in his ability to evoke powerful imagery and emotions through his verses, capturing the pain, suffering, and valor of the characters and events he portrayed. Dabeer’s exceptional command over language, profound understanding of emotions, and a unique ability to weave intricate verses earned him a distinguished place in the realm of Urdu poetry.

As a result of his monumental contribution to classical Urdu poetry, Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer remains revered and his works continue to be studied, appreciated, and celebrated in literary circles, upholding his legacy as one of the foremost poets in the Urdu language.

Notable work

Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer, a renowned Urdu poet, is best known for his magnum opus “Dabeer-ul-Uloom.” This exceptional work is an Urdu poetic masterpiece and is highly regarded in Urdu literature for its intricate language, rich vocabulary, and profound depth of expression. “Dabeer-ul-Uloom” is an extensive collection of poetry that showcases Dabeer’s mastery and command over the Urdu language. His work is celebrated for its eloquence, sophisticated imagery, and deep insight into various aspects of life, making Dabeer a significant figure in classical Urdu poetry.

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Awards and recognition



Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer, also known as just Dabeer, was a prominent Urdu poet. However, as of my last knowledge update in January 2022, I don’t have any information regarding his death. Please note that the details about individuals and their current status might not be updated in my database, and I recommend checking the latest news sources or online databases for the most recent information about Dabeer or any other individual, as my data might be outdated.


Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer was a notable Urdu poet who lived in the 19th century. He was known for his contributions to Urdu poetry and specifically for his historical and elegiac poetry. He wrote in classical Urdu, employing various poetic forms and structures. Dabeer’s language and style were deeply rooted in the classical tradition of Urdu poetry, and he was particularly adept at using Persian vocabulary and complex poetic forms. His poetry often reflected historical events, elegies, and narratives, showcasing his command over language, metaphor, and classical Urdu poetic techniques. Dabeer’s works demonstrated a rich and sophisticated use of language, employing a blend of Persian and Arabic words in his verses, along with a refined poetic diction. He was skilled in expressing emotions, historical accounts, and cultural references through his poetic compositions. Overall, Dabeer’s language can be described as classical, elegant, and deeply entrenched in the traditional Urdu poetic style, featuring an extensive vocabulary and complex poetic structures. His work continues to be studied and appreciated in the realm of Urdu literature.

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