Alamgir Hashmi

Alamgir Hashmi

عالمگیر ہاشمی
15 September 1951


15 September 1951




Alamgir Hashmi, a Pakistani poet, and critic, was born in 1943 in Aligarh, India, and grew up in Pakistan. His name “Alamgir” holds historical and cultural significance.

“Alamgir” is an Arabic word that can be translated to mean “conqueror of the world” or “world conqueror.” It is a name associated with grandeur, power, and might. In Islamic history, “Alamgir” was a title used by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, who reigned from 1658 to 1707. Aurangzeb Alamgir was one of the last powerful emperors of the Mughal dynasty, known for his significant conquests and rule over a vast empire in the Indian subcontinent.

The choice of the name “Alamgir” for the poet Alamgir Hashmi might reflect a sense of admiration for the historical significance and connotations of power and influence associated with the name. This name could also reflect aspirations or hopes of making a lasting impact through his literary works, possibly drawing parallels to the might and influence attributed to historical figures like Aurangzeb Alamgir.

Early life

Alamgir Hashmi, a renowned poet and critic, was born in Aligarh, India. His early life was deeply influenced by the cultural and intellectual milieu of the region. He grew up in an environment that was rich in Urdu literature and poetry, which played a significant role in shaping his literary interests.

Hashmi’s exposure to the diverse cultural landscape of India, particularly the literary traditions of Urdu and Persian, laid the foundation for his later works as a poet and critic. His upbringing in a place steeped in history and literature contributed to his deep understanding of the nuances of language and culture, which is reflected in his literary creations.

However, specific details about his early life, such as his family background, upbringing, and formative years, might not be extensively documented or publicly available. His journey as a poet and scholar became more pronounced through his works, essays, and critical analyses, which gained recognition in the broader literary world.

Story behind the name


Alamgir Hashmi is a poet and scholar known for his contributions to Pakistani and English-language poetry. Some of his notable works include:

1. “A Choice of Hashmi’s Verse”(2007): This collection showcases a selection of his poetry, reflecting his themes, style, and reflections on various subjects.

2. “Divan of Ghalib” (translation, 1991): Hashmi is known for his translations of the Urdu poet Ghalib’s work, bringing the beauty and depth of Ghalib’s poetry to an English-speaking audience.

3. “Mazmoon-e-Shauq” (1996): A collection of essays and literary criticism by Hashmi, reflecting on various aspects of literature, culture, and society.

4. “Living In My Father’s House: Poems” (2009): This collection delves into personal reflections, heritage, and the complex intertwining of cultural influences in Hashmi’s life.

Alamgir Hashmi’s works often reflect a deep engagement with literature, culture, and the complexities of identity. His poetry is known for its rich imagery and exploration of the human experience.


Alamgir Hashmi was a Pakistani-Canadian poet, critic, and translator known for his profound contributions to Urdu and English literature. His legacy is marked by his multifaceted work, particularly in poetry and literary criticism, showcasing a blend of cultural influences and a deep understanding of language.

Some aspects of Alamgir Hashmi’s legacy include:

1. Poetry: Hashmi’s poetry reflects a fusion of Eastern and Western poetic traditions. His verses often explored themes of identity, cultural belonging, displacement, and the human condition. His works are known for their depth, sensitivity, and linguistic richness.

2. Literary Criticism:As a critic, Hashmi made significant contributions to the understanding and analysis of Urdu and English literature. He offered insights into various literary works, providing interpretations and evaluations that enriched the understanding of diverse literary forms.

3. Translation:Hashmi was a skilled translator, rendering works from Urdu to English and vice versa. His translations often retained the essence and beauty of the original texts while making them accessible to a wider audience.

4. Academic Contributions: Apart from his creative endeavors, Hashmi’s academic contributions through essays, articles, and lectures have helped shape the discourse around South Asian literature, postcolonial studies, and cultural identity.

5. Cultural Influence: Hashmi’s legacy extends into the cultural sphere, where his works have been influential in fostering a deeper appreciation of linguistic and cultural diversity. His exploration of cultural nuances and universal themes resonates with a broad audience.

His legacy endures through the impact of his writings, which continue to inspire and provoke thought among readers and scholars. Alamgir Hashmi’s contribution to literature, particularly in the realms of poetry, criticism, and translation, remains an important part of the literary landscape in both Pakistan and the wider world.

Notable work

Alamgir Hashmi, a Pakistani poet and critic, has contributed significantly to Urdu and English literature. Some of his notable works include:

1. “A Choice of Hashmi’s Verse”: This collection of poems reflects Hashmi’s poetic style and themes, often encompassing personal reflections, philosophical musings, and cultural insights.

2. “Anatomy of Solitude”: A collection that explores themes of loneliness, self-discovery, and the human experience.

3. “The Singing Bone”: This work showcases Hashmi’s expertise in English poetry, featuring a range of emotions and reflections on life.

His works often delve into the complexities of human existence, delving into diverse themes and experiences, and have earned him recognition in the literary world.

Popular hits on television


Awards and recognition

Alamgir Hashmi is a Pakistani poet, critic, and translator who has received recognition for his literary contributions. While the details of his awards and recognitions might not be exhaustive due to the limitation of available information, Hashmi has garnered acclaim for his literary work and scholarly pursuits. Some of his notable recognitions include:

1. Pakistan Academy of Letters Awards: Hashmi has been acknowledged by the Pakistan Academy of Letters, which is a national literary institution in Pakistan dedicated to the promotion of literature. He has received recognition and awards for his contributions to Urdu and English poetry.

2. Literary Contributions: Hashmi’s poetry and critical writings have earned him esteem within the literary community. His works have been widely published and appreciated both in Pakistan and internationally.

3. Scholarly Accolades: His critical writings and contributions to literary criticism have been highly regarded in academic circles, earning him respect as a scholar and thinker.

While specific details about his awards might not be extensively documented, Alamgir Hashmi’s reputation as a poet, critic, and translator within the Pakistani literary landscape is notable, and he has contributed significantly to the field of Urdu and English poetry. His works have been praised for their depth, cultural insights, and linguistic richness.




Daud Kamal, a Pakistani poet, wrote in English. He is known for his evocative and rich poetry that often delves into themes of love, loss, nature, and the human experience. His works are characterized by their lyrical quality, vivid imagery, and depth of emotion. Kamal’s poetry reflects a deep connection to his cultural roots while also embracing a universal human experience that resonates with readers from various backgrounds. His contributions to English poetry have earned him recognition and respect in the literary world.

See also