Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai

شاہ عبداللطیف بھٹائی
January 15, 1929


January 15, 1929




Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, often known as Shah Latif, was an 18th-century Sufi poet and philosopher hailing from the Sindh region, now in Pakistan. His profound poetry in the Sindhi language conveys deep spiritual and mystical themes, emphasizing the oneness of humanity and promoting divine love. Shah Latif’s collected works, “Shah Jo Risalo,” remains a cherished literary and spiritual masterpiece, and his influence extends as a symbol of Sindhi culture and unity. His shrine in Bhit Shah, Pakistan, stands as a place of reverence and pilgrimage.

Early life

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, a prominent Sufi poet, and philosopher, was born in 1689 in the village of Sui-Qandar, situated near Hala, Sindh, which is now in present-day Pakistan. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of Sindhi literature and is often referred to as the “Shah Jo Risalo.”

Here are some key points about his early life:

1. Birth and Family:

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai was born into a respected and religious family of Sufis. His father, Syed Habib Shah, was a learned man and a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad, and his mother, Mai Sabo, was a pious and virtuous woman. He was born into the Sufi traditions and spirituality.

2. Education and Early Influences:

Shah Abdul Latif received his early education from his father and other learned scholars in the region. He studied various branches of knowledge, including theology, Islamic jurisprudence, and literature. His early education exposed him to the rich cultural and spiritual traditions of Sindh.

3. Spiritual Awakening:

At a young age, Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai began to show a strong inclination towards spirituality and Sufism. He embarked on a journey of self-discovery and sought the guidance of Sufi saints and mystics. His encounters with these spiritual mentors deeply influenced his poetry and philosophy.

4. Travel and Exploration:

Throughout his youth, Bhittai undertook extensive travels, both within Sindh and in other parts of the Indian subcontinent. These journeys allowed him to interact with diverse communities, experience different cultures, and gain a broader perspective on life.

5. Literary Works:

Bhittai’s early years were marked by a deep engagement with literature and poetry. He was well-versed in various languages, including Arabic, Persian, and Sindhi. His encounters with the poetry of earlier Sufi poets and mystics greatly inspired his own poetic expression.

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s early life experiences, spiritual awakening, and literary pursuits laid the foundation for his later work, particularly the compilation of the “Shah Jo Risalo.” This magnum opus consists of his Sufi poetry and reflects his deep philosophical and spiritual insights. His verses remain highly influential and continue to be celebrated for their wisdom and the promotion of love, tolerance, and the unity of all humanity.

Story behind the name

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai was a renowned Sufi poet and philosopher from the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now part of Pakistan. The name “Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai” is significant and carries historical and cultural importance.

1. Shah:

“Shah” is a title commonly used in South Asia for people of high respect and honor. In this context, it signifies his status as a revered and spiritual figure.

2. Abdul Latif:

“Abdul Latif” is his given name, and it means “Servant of the Gentle” in Arabic. It reflects his humility and devotion to God.

3. Bhittai:

“Bhittai” is a surname associated with Shah Abdul Latif. It refers to his place of birth, Bhit Shah, which is a small town in Sindh, Pakistan. The addition of the place of origin to his name is a common practice in South Asia to distinguish individuals with the same or similar names.

The name “Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai” is an expression of his spiritual and cultural identity. He is often referred to as “Shah Latif” or “Bhittai” for short. Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai is celebrated for his poetry, which is primarily in the Sindhi language and is characterized by themes of love, spirituality, and the unity of God. His work is deeply ingrained in the culture and history of Sindh and has a profound impact on the Sindhi people’s identity and Sufi tradition.


Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, a prominent Sufi poet and saint, is best known for his significant contribution to Sindhi literature. His works, particularly his poetry, are highly revered in the Sufi and literary traditions of the Sindh region in South Asia. Some of his most notable works include:

1. Shah Jo Risalo:

“Shah Jo Risalo” is his magnum opus and the most famous work. It is a collection of his poetic compositions, commonly referred to as “kafis.” These kafis are structured in the form of various musical notes (sur), and each kafi has a specific theme, often emphasizing Sufi ideals, love, and the human relationship with the divine. This work is considered a cornerstone of Sindhi literature and Sufi poetry.

2. Sur Surag:

This is another collection of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s poetry, with a particular focus on the Raag and Sur format. The poems in Sur Surag, like those in Shah Jo Risalo, celebrate Sufi themes and spirituality.

3. Shah Inayat’s Verses:

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai also wrote verses about Shah Inayat, a Sufi saint, and the relationship between the disciple and the spiritual guide. These verses, too, reflect his deep spiritual and Sufi insights.

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s works are not only literary masterpieces but also convey profound spiritual and humanistic messages. His poetry has a timeless quality and continues to be a source of inspiration for those interested in Sufi literature and philosophy. It has had a significant impact on the culture and identity of the Sindhi people.


Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai (1689-1752) was a renowned Sufi poet, scholar, and saint in Sindh, which is now part of Pakistan. His legacy is significant, both in the realms of literature and spirituality. Here are some aspects of his legacy:

1. Sufi Poetry:

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai is best known for his poetic work, particularly the “Shah Jo Risalo.” This collection of his poetry is a cornerstone of Sindhi literature. His verses explore themes of love, spirituality, and the relationship between human beings and the Divine. His poetry is characterized by its depth, simplicity, and profound spiritual insight.

2. Spiritual Influence:

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai was a prominent Sufi saint. His teachings and poetry emphasize the unity of God and the importance of self-realization through love and devotion. His legacy continues to inspire people on a spiritual and moral level.

3. Cultural Identity:

He is considered a symbol of Sindhi cultural identity. His poetry and teachings promote the values, traditions, and cultural heritage of the Sindhi people. His works have played a crucial role in preserving and promoting the Sindhi language and culture.

4. Folklore and Music:

Many of his poetic verses have been set to music and are an integral part of Sindhi folklore and music. The musical form, known as “Raga,” is used to sing his poetry. These melodies are popular in Sufi gatherings and cultural festivals.

5. Literary Influence:

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s poetry has influenced subsequent Sindhi poets and writers, as well as scholars of Sufism and Persian literature. His work has left an indelible mark on the literary traditions of the region.

6. Philosophical and Social Impact:

His poetry addresses social issues and human values. His emphasis on love, humility, and compassion continues to be a source of inspiration for those seeking spiritual growth and social justice.

7. Festivals and Celebrations:

His Urs (anniversary) is celebrated with great fervor in Sindh and other regions with Sindhi communities. The Urs of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai is marked by gatherings, recitations of his poetry, music, and discussions of his teachings.

8. Monuments and Memorials:

Several monuments, shrines, and museums dedicated to Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai can be found in Sindh. These sites are not only places of worship but also cultural landmarks.

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s legacy is multifaceted, encompassing literature, spirituality, culture, and social values. His works continue to be a source of inspiration and guidance for people in Sindh and beyond, and he remains an iconic figure in the history of South Asian literature and Sufi thought.

Notable work

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, a renowned Sindhi Sufi poet, is best known for his compilation of poetry and verses in the Sindhi language. His most notable work is the “Shah Jo Risalo” (شاه جو رسالو), which is a collection of his poetry. This collection consists of 30 Surs (chapters), containing various poems and verses that explore themes of love, spirituality, and the human condition. Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s poetry is deeply rooted in Sufi thought and often uses the symbolism of romantic love to convey spiritual and moral messages.

The “Shah Jo Risalo” is considered a masterpiece of Sindhi literature and is highly respected for its cultural and spiritual significance. It has had a profound impact on the Sindhi culture and language, and Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai is celebrated as one of the most important literary figures in the history of Sindh and the wider South Asian subcontinent. His work continues to inspire poets, scholars, and readers to this day.

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Awards and recognition

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, a prominent Sufi poet and philosopher from Sindh, Pakistan, is celebrated for his literary contributions and deep spiritual insight. His works have garnered recognition and awards for their cultural and philosophical significance. Here are some of the awards and honors associated with Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai:

1. Sachal Sarmast Award:

The Sachal Sarmast Award is a literary award given by the government of Sindh in Pakistan. It is named after Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, who is also known as Sachal Sarmast, and is awarded to individuals who have made significant contributions to Sindhi literature and culture.

2. Sufi Poetry:

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s poetry is revered by people in Sindh and beyond. His work is celebrated for its spiritual and moral teachings, which have earned him recognition as a revered Sufi saint and philosopher.

3. Cultural Significance:

Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s poetry and philosophy continue to be celebrated in cultural events and Sufi gatherings in Sindh, Pakistan. His message of love, tolerance, and spirituality resonates with people and has been acknowledged as an important part of the region’s cultural heritage.

While Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai may not have received specific awards or recognition during his lifetime, his legacy has endured through the ages, and his contributions to Sindhi literature and Sufi thought have been celebrated and honored in various ways over the years.




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