Rahi Masoom Raza

راہی معصوم رضا

Rahi Masoom Raza


Rahi Masoom Raza (1927-1992) was a celebrated Indian Urdu poet, novelist, and scriptwriter. He is remembered as one of the most influential literary figures in the realm of Urdu literature and Indian cinema. Raza’s significant contributions span across various genres, from evocative poetry to poignant novels and remarkable scriptwriting.

He was born in Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh, and his early education took place in his hometown. Raza’s literary prowess gained recognition for its depth, sensitivity, and social consciousness, reflecting the cultural milieu of his time. He captured the essence of emotions and human experiences, delving into themes of love, loss, and societal nuances.

Raza is perhaps best known for his association with the epic TV series “Mahabharat” (1988), where he played a pivotal role in scripting this iconic adaptation of the ancient Indian epic. His nuanced understanding of characters and storytelling helped elevate the show to iconic status, leaving an indelible mark on Indian television history.

Apart from “Mahabharat,” Raza also contributed significantly to Indian cinema, scripting memorable films that resonated with audiences. He had a unique ability to weave words and emotions, creating impactful narratives that stayed with the viewers long after the screen faded to black.

Rahi Masoom Raza’s literary legacy endures through his poetry collections, novels, and screenplays, leaving an indelible mark on Urdu literature and Indian cultural heritage. His rich body of work continues to inspire and captivate audiences, showcasing the timeless depth of his storytelling and the emotional resonance of his words.

Resting place

Rahi Masoom Raza, a renowned Indian Urdu poet, writer, and lyricist, passed away on March 15, 1992. He is remembered for his significant contributions to Urdu literature and his work as a scriptwriter for various Indian films and television series. His resting place is in Mumbai, India. Unfortunately, I don’t have specific details about the exact location or cemetery where he was laid to rest as that information is not widely publicized.

Notable work

Rahi Masoom Raza was a prominent Urdu writer, poet, and lyricist known for his significant contributions to literature, especially in the field of Urdu poetry, fiction, and screenwriting. He is best remembered for his powerful writing in various genres. Some of his notable works include:

1. Novels and Fiction:
“Aadha Gaon” (Half a Village): A renowned novel that explores the social and cultural changes in rural India.
-Topi Shukla”: Another significant novel shedding light on the Indian political scenario and social issues.

2. Television Scripts and Screenplays:
– “Mahabharat” (1988 TV series): He is widely recognized for his screenplay and dialogues in the epic Indian television series “Mahabharat,” which gained immense popularity and critical acclaim.
– “Bharat Ek Khoj” (The Discovery of India): Raza was associated with this television series based on Jawaharlal Nehru’s book, playing a vital role in the script and screenplay.

3. Lyrics:
– Raza has also penned some memorable lyrics for Bollywood movies, contributing to the world of Indian film music. His poetic expressions and depth of thought were evident in his lyrical contributions.

Rahi Masoom Raza’s works continue to be highly regarded for their depth, social commentary, and their portrayal of various aspects of Indian society and culture. His literary contributions have left a lasting impact on Urdu literature, television, and Indian cinema.

Early life

Rahi Masoom Raza was an acclaimed Indian Urdu poet, writer, and lyricist, known for his significant contributions to Urdu literature and Bollywood. He was born on January 1, 1927, in Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh, India. His family had a background in academia, and his father, Fazl-e-Raza, was a professor of Urdu.

Raza spent his early years in Ghazipur and was exposed to the rich cultural and literary environment prevalent in his family and surroundings. His exposure to Urdu literature, poetry, and the socio-cultural milieu during his formative years greatly influenced his passion for writing.

After completing his early education, Rahi Masoom Raza moved to Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) for higher studies. His time at AMU played a significant role in shaping his literary inclinations and ideological perspectives. The university’s intellectual ambiance and exposure to diverse thoughts and philosophies helped hone his skills as a writer and poet.

Raza’s inclination towards literature and poetry continued to grow, and he became an influential figure in the world of Urdu literature. His proficiency in storytelling, deep understanding of human emotions, and command over the Urdu language made him a revered figure in the literary circles of his time.

Apart from his literary pursuits, Rahi Masoom Raza delved into various professional endeavors, including working in the Indian film industry as a screenwriter and lyricist. He is well-known for his association with the iconic Indian director, BR Chopra, and their collaboration on the famous television series “Mahabharat.” His contributions to the series, especially the script and dialogues, gained widespread acclaim and further solidified his position in the realm of storytelling.

Rahi Masoom Raza’s early life experiences, exposure to literature, and his educational background collectively contributed to shaping his prolific career as a poet, writer, and storyteller in the realms of both Urdu literature and Indian cinema.


Rahi Masoom Raza was a renowned Urdu poet, writer, and scriptwriter from India. He was celebrated for his contribution to literature and cinema. Some of his notable works include:

1. Books and Novels:
– “Aadha Gaon” (Half a Village): This novel revolves around the partition of India and the resultant social and emotional turmoil. It reflects the impact of partition on the lives of ordinary people.
– “Topi Shukla”: Another significant novel by Rahi Masoom Raza, it portrays the complexities and struggles faced by its titular character, Topi Shukla, who strives to navigate a changing society and its political undercurrents.

2. Scripts and Screenwriting:
– “Mahabharat” TV Series: Rahi Masoom Raza is widely recognized for his role in writing the script for the iconic television series “Mahabharat.” His poetic narration and scripting played a significant role in making this series a classic.
“Bazaar (1982)”: He also wrote the screenplay for the film “Bazaar,” which delves into the world of the bride market, exploring the harsh realities faced by women in a male-dominated society.
-“Garm Hava (1974)”:Rahi Masoom Raza contributed to the screenplay of this critically acclaimed film, which focuses on the predicament faced by a Muslim family post the partition of India.

Rahi Masoom Raza’s works often delved into social and political issues, showcasing a deep understanding of human emotions and societal changes. His writings, both in literature and in the world of cinema, continue to be cherished and celebrated for their depth and insight.


Rahi Masoom Raza was a prominent Urdu writer, acclaimed for his contributions to literature, particularly in the realm of Urdu poetry, fiction, and scriptwriting for Indian cinema and television. His legacy is multifaceted and enduring, leaving an indelible mark on the cultural landscape of India.

Literary Contributions: Raza’s literary works, especially his poetry and fiction, are highly regarded for their depth, emotion, and social commentary. His poetic expressions often touched upon various aspects of life, love, and societal issues, resonating with readers across generations. Raza’s compositions displayed a unique blend of classical and modern Urdu styles, making his work accessible and appealing to a wide audience.

Screenwriting and Television: Raza is perhaps best known for his work in scriptwriting for Indian cinema and television. His association with the acclaimed director, BR Chopra, led to the creation of the iconic TV series “Mahabharat” in the late 1980s, which garnered immense popularity and critical acclaim. Raza’s writing in this epic series was celebrated for its depth, character development, and the seamless portrayal of the ancient Indian epic.

Legacy:Raza’s legacy endures due to the sheer impact of his literary works and contributions to the world of entertainment. His ability to delve into the human condition and touch upon both contemporary and timeless themes has solidified his place as a luminary in Urdu literature and the entertainment industry.

Moreover, his scripts and writings continue to be celebrated and adapted, resonating with audiences and serving as a testament to his enduring influence on Indian culture and storytelling.

Rahi Masoom Raza’s legacy lies not only in his literary creations but also in the way his work has become an integral part of the cultural tapestry of India, influencing and inspiring many writers, poets, and creators who have followed in his footsteps.

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