Nazeer Akbarabadi

نظیر اکبر آبادی

Nazeer Akbarabadi


Nazeer Akbarabadi, whose full name was Syed Wali Muhammad, was an 18th-century Indian poet known for his significant contributions to Urdu literature. He was born in 1740 in Delhi, which was then part of the Mughal Empire and is now in modern-day India. Nazeer Akbarabadi was a prominent poet of the Delhi school of Urdu poetry, which was characterized by its use of Persian and Arabic vocabulary, as well as its focus on themes related to love, romance, and everyday life.

Nazeer Akbarabadi is celebrated for his witty and humorous poetry, and he was a pioneer in the use of colloquial language in Urdu poetry. His works often included themes of social and cultural relevance, as well as a keen observation of the world around him. His satirical and humorous poetry resonated with the common people of his time, making him a popular figure in the literary circles of Delhi.

Some of his notable works include “Banjaranama,” a humorous poem that describes the life and experiences of a banjara (nomadic tribe) woman, and “Musalman Musalmaan,” a satirical piece highlighting the hypocrisy and contradictions within the Muslim community. His poetry was also instrumental in popularizing the “marsiya” genre, which is a form of elegiac poetry typically used to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Husayn, a revered figure in Shia Islam.

Nazeer Akbarabadi passed away in 1830, leaving behind a significant legacy in the world of Urdu poetry. His works continue to be celebrated for their wit, humor, and social commentary, and he is remembered as one of the influential poets of his era.

Resting place

Nazeer Akbarabadi, the 18th-century Indian poet, is believed to be buried in Agra, India. His exact resting place may not be widely known or well-documented, but it is generally associated with Agra, which was his place of residence. Nazeer Akbarabadi is known for his Urdu and Persian poetry and is considered one of the pioneers of Urdu poetry in India.

Notable work

Nazeer Akbarabadi (1735-1830) was a prominent Indian Urdu poet known for his ghazals, nazms, and qasidas. He is particularly well-regarded for his contributions to Urdu literature during the 18th century. Some of his notable works include:

1. Qaseedah-e-Taj- This is one of Nazeer Akbarabadi’s most famous and celebrated works. It is a qasida (a form of Arabic and Urdu poetry) dedicated to the Taj Mahal, one of the most iconic monuments in India. In this poem, he praises the grandeur and beauty of the Taj Mahal.

2. Mizan-ul-Awzan – This is a work in which Akbarabadi analyzed the principles of prosody in Urdu poetry. It is a significant contribution to the field of Urdu literature and linguistics.

3. Masnavi Gulzar-e-Naseem – This masnavi (a form of poetry with rhyming couplets) by Akbarabadi is known for its intricate and beautiful language. It deals with themes of love and longing.

4. Qasida-e-Chaul – In this qasida, Nazeer Akbarabadi writes about the town of Chaul, which was known for its natural beauty. This poem is a lyrical description of the town’s charm.

5. Ghazals and Nazms – Nazeer Akbarabadi composed numerous ghazals and nazms that explored various themes such as love, nature, and social issues. His poetic versatility is reflected in his various compositions in these forms.

Nazeer Akbarabadi’s works are known for their simplicity and lyrical beauty. He was one of the early poets who contributed to the development of Urdu literature, and his poetry continues to be admired for its depth and elegance.

Early life

Nazeer Akbarabadi, whose real name was Mir Muhammad Taqi, was an 18th-century Indian Urdu poet. He was born in 1735 in Akbarabad, which is now known as Agra, India. Not much is known about his early life, but he grew up in a time when Urdu poetry was flourishing in the Indian subcontinent. He was of mixed Arab and Kashmiri descent.

Nazeer Akbarabadi is renowned for his Ghazals, Nazms, and Qasidas, and he wrote in a style that was reflective of the socio-cultural milieu of his era. His poetry often depicted the everyday life, the common people, and the social issues of his time. He is also recognized for his humorous and satirical poetry.

During his lifetime, Nazeer Akbarabadi worked as a mason to earn a living, but his true passion lay in poetry. He used his poetic talent to express the sentiments and experiences of the common people, which made his work relatable to the masses.

Nazeer Akbarabadi’s poetry is still celebrated for its simplicity and its ability to connect with the ordinary people of his time. His works have been widely appreciated for their portrayal of the human condition and the spirit of his age. He passed away in 1830, leaving behind a legacy of Urdu poetry that continues to be cherished by enthusiasts of the language.


Nazeer Akbarabadi (also known as Nazeer Akbarabadi) was an 18th-century Indian poet who wrote in Urdu and is known for his ghazals and other forms of poetry. He was born in 1735 in Agra, India, and is considered one of the pioneers of Urdu poetry. His works often focused on common people and their everyday struggles. Some of his notable works include:

1. Mizan-ul-Awliya: This is a collection of Nazeer Akbarabadi’s ghazals and poetry. It reflects his mastery of the Urdu language and his ability to convey emotions and social issues through his verses.

2. Nuskha-e-Shireen: Another collection of his poetry that showcases his wit and humor. Nazeer Akbarabadi was known for his satirical poetry and social commentary.

3. Bazm-e-Nazeer: A collection of his poetry that captures the essence of the culture and society of his time.

4. Qasa’id-e-Nazeer: This work includes his qasidas (odes) in praise of various Mughal emperors and other dignitaries of his era.

Nazeer Akbarabadi’s poetry is celebrated for its simplicity, humor, and deep connection with the common people of his time. His works continue to be appreciated and studied in the world of Urdu literature.


Nazeer Akbarabadi (1735-1830) was a renowned Indian poet from the 18th century, and his legacy is primarily associated with his contributions to Urdu and Hindi literature. He was born in Agra, India, and his real name was Mir Muhammad Taqi. Nazeer Akbarabadi’s legacy is notable for the following reasons:

1. Poetic Excellence: Nazeer Akbarabadi was celebrated for his poetic skills and mastery over various poetic forms, such as ghazal, qasida, and rubaiyat. His verses were known for their wit, humor, and social commentary. He composed poems on various subjects, including love, nature, and everyday life.

2. Promotion of Hindi and Urdu: He played a crucial role in the development and popularization of both Hindi and Urdu languages in North India. His poetry bridged the linguistic divide between these two languages and contributed to the evolution of their literary forms.

3. Pioneer of the Nazm: Nazeer Akbarabadi is often regarded as one of the pioneers of the nazm, a genre of poetry that tells a coherent and complete story within a poem. His nazms explored various themes and were instrumental in shaping the evolution of this form of poetry.

4. Social and Cultural Commentary: Many of his works included social commentary and addressed contemporary issues and inequalities. He highlighted the plight of the common people and their struggles in society.

5. Impact on Subsequent Generations: Nazeer Akbarabadi’s works influenced later generations of poets and writers. His legacy can be seen in the works of prominent poets like Mir Taqi Mir, Mirza Ghalib, and Allama Iqbal, who were inspired by his poetry.

6. Cultural Preservation: His poems also provide valuable insights into the social and cultural milieu of 18th-century India. They offer a glimpse into the customs, traditions, and everyday life of that era.

Nazeer Akbarabadi’s legacy lives on through his poetry, which continues to be appreciated and celebrated in the realms of Urdu and Hindi literature. His ability to capture the essence of everyday life and human experiences in his verses has left an enduring mark on Indian poetry and language.

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