Mohammad Ali Jauhar

محمد علی جوہرؔ.

Mohammad Ali Jauhar


During the early 20th century, Mohammad Ali Jauhar—also known as Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar—was a well-known Indian nationalist leader, journalist, and poet. He was a key actor in the fight for India’s independence from British colonial authority and played a crucial role in the Indian freedom movement.

Mohammad Ali Jauhar, who was born on December 10th, 1878, in Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, was a brilliant and persuasive person. After completing his study in England, he came back to India with a strong desire to bring about social and political change. He actively participated in the fight for India’s independence and held a significant position in the Indian National Congress.

Mohammad Ali Jauhar made a number of important achievements, one of which was his participation in the Khilafat Movement, a global Islamic effort to preserve the Ottoman Caliphate following World War I. Muslims and Hindus joined together in this effort to oppose British colonisation.

Jauhar was a talented editor and writer. He co-founded the publication “Comrade” and later launched “Hamdard,” both of which were instrumental in advancing nationalist and Indian freedom movements. His writings and lectures frequently emphasised the need for Hindu-Muslim cooperation as well as the value of education, independence, and social justice.

On January 4, 1931, Mohammad Ali Jauhar passed away in London while on a hunger strike to call for the release of political prisoners in India. Generations of Indians have been inspired by him and his art, which stands for the spirit of cohesion and tenacity in the fight against British domination.

Resting place

Jerusalem, which is now a part of Israel, served as the burial place for Mohammad Ali Jauhar, a major Indian Muslim leader and activist during the Indian independence movement. His grave is in the city’s storied cemetery called the “Mujahidin Cemetery” or “Mujahideen Cemetery.” The final resting place of Mohammad Ali Jauhar, who passed away in 1931, is revered by individuals who are interested in the history of the Indian independence movement and the contributions of Muslim leaders at that time.

Notable work

During the early 20th century, Mohammad Ali Jauhar was a well-known Indian Muslim leader, journalist, and poet. He was well-known for his work to advance the rights and welfare of Muslims in India and for his substantial contribution to the Indian freedom movement. His contributions and works of note include:

First, comrade: The creator and editor of the Urdu weekly newspaper “Comrade” was Mohammad Ali Jauhar. This newspaper was essential in spreading nationalist views within the Muslim population and championing the cause of the Indian National Congress.

2:The Silk Letter Movement, :

The Silk Letter Movement (also known as the Khilafat Movement), which attempted to promote the Ottoman Empire and the Caliphate during World War I, included Jauhar as a significant figure. This campaign, which intended to bring Hindus and Muslims together for a single purpose, was a crucial component of the larger Indian independence struggle.

3. The Tilak Swaraj Fund:

Jauhar supported the Tilak Swaraj Fund, which was founded to further the cause of self-rule (Swaraj) in India, and collaborated closely with figures like Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Annie Besant.

The Khilafat Movement One of the key figures of the Khilafat Movement, which sought to oppose the fall of the Ottoman Caliphate, was Jauhar. He collaborated with Mahatma Gandhi and other influential figures to galvanise support for this cause and promote harmony between Muslims and Hindus.

5. The Non-Cooperation Movement:

Mohammad Ali Jauhar took an active part in Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement. He was instrumental in encouraging nonviolent protest and the boycott of British companies and institutions.

6. The President of the Congress

In 1923, Jauhar presided over the Indian National Congress. He continued to fight for Hindu-Muslim harmony and the rights of India’s Muslim community during his time in office.

Seven. Poetry Jauhar was a renowned Urdu poet in addition to his contributions to politics and journalism. He expressed his ideas about nationalism, harmony, and the fight for Indian freedom via poetry.

The activities and efforts of Mohammad Ali Jauhar were crucial in advancing the cause of Indian independence and in establishing racial peace in the nation between Muslims and Hindus. He is still regarded as a significant role in India’s history of independence.

Early life

Mohammad Ali Jauhar, also known as Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, was a prominent Indian freedom fighter, journalist, and politician. He was born on December 10, 1878, in Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India. His early life was marked by a strong interest in education and a growing passion for advocating the rights of Indian Muslims.

Here are some key points about his early life:

1. Education: Mohammad Ali Jauhar received his early education in Rampur and later attended the Aligarh Muslim University, where he was deeply influenced by the Aligarh Movement and the ideas of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. He excelled in academics and was known for his eloquence in both English and Persian.

2. Founding the “Comrade”: During his student days at Aligarh, he, along with his brother Shaukat Ali, founded a weekly Urdu newspaper called “Comrade.” This newspaper became a platform for him to express his views on the political and social issues of the time.

3. Advocacy for Indian Muslims: Jauhar was a strong advocate for the rights and interests of Indian Muslims. He believed that they should be actively involved in the struggle for independence from British colonial rule. He was critical of British policies that, in his view, marginalized and discriminated against Muslims.

4. Political Activism: In 1906, he was one of the founding members of the All-India Muslim League and played an active role in its early years. He also served as the president of the Muslim League in 1913. Later, he joined the Indian National Congress and worked alongside other prominent leaders like Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for independence.

5. Journalism: Jauhar’s career in journalism played a significant role in shaping his political and intellectual journey. His writings in newspapers and magazines, such as “Comrade” and “Hamdard,” contributed to the discourse on freedom and self-determination for India.

6. Aligarh Movement: Jauhar was deeply influenced by the Aligarh Movement, which aimed to modernize and empower the Muslim community through education and socio-political awareness. He believed in the potential of education to uplift the status of Muslims in India.

Mohammad Ali Jauhar’s early life was characterized by a strong commitment to the cause of Indian independence and the empowerment of Indian Muslims. His dedication to journalism, education, and political activism made him a prominent figure in the struggle for freedom from British colonial rule in India.


Early in the 20th century, Muhammad Ali Jauhar (sometimes spelt Mohammad Ali Jouhar) was a well-known Indian Muslim activist, journalist, and leader. He played a significant role in the Indian independence movement and was a strong advocate for Muslim rights in British India. He made contributions to literature and poetry even though he is more renowned for his work in media and politics. His notable works include the following:

1. “Tilak and Gokhale:

A Review of Their Political Differences”**: The political ideologies and philosophies of two other significant Indian leaders of the period, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Gopal Krishna Gokhale, were critically analysed in this study.

2. “The Muslim India”:

Jauhar served as the editor of this English-language weekly publication, giving him a forum to discuss issues affecting India’s Muslim population.

3. Poetry:

Jauhar was a poet, and his poetry frequently represented his ideas and goals for India. He motivated and inspired the public with his poetry. His most well-known couplet is:

“Hai Asr, Tajdare Haram, Asr Hai Zauq-e-Nazaqat, Nigah-e-Karam Asr”

This couplet emphasises the value of the present moment as well as the necessity of kindness and grace.

The political and social discourse of his time was greatly influenced by Jauhar’s writings and speeches, particularly with reference to the rights and ambitions of Muslims in India. Although Jauhar is not generally remembered for his literary works, they had a considerable impact on society nonetheless.


Mohammad Ali Jauhar, also known as Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, was a prominent Indian Muslim leader, journalist, and scholar who played a significant role in the Indian freedom struggle during the early 20th century. His legacy is marked by his dedication to the cause of India’s independence and his contributions to the development of the Muslim community in the subcontinent. Here are some key aspects of his legacy:

1. Freedom Struggle: Jauhar was a passionate advocate for India’s independence from British colonial rule. He played a crucial role in various movements and initiatives aimed at achieving self-rule for India. He was one of the prominent leaders of the non-cooperation movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi.

2. Journalism: Jauhar was a prolific journalist and editor of the Urdu newspaper “Comrade” and the English newspaper “Hamdard.” His writings were instrumental in raising awareness about the political and social issues of his time, inspiring others to join the struggle for freedom.

3. Educational Reforms: Mohammad Ali Jauhar believed in the importance of education for the progress of Muslims in India. He worked towards modernizing Muslim education and was one of the founding members of the Jamia Millia Islamia University in Delhi.

4. Hindu-Muslim Unity: Jauhar was a strong advocate of Hindu-Muslim unity and worked towards bridging the gaps between the two communities. He believed that a united front was essential for achieving India’s independence.

5. Khilafat Movement: He actively supported the Khilafat Movement, which aimed to protect the Ottoman Caliphate and was closely linked with the Indian freedom struggle. His involvement in this movement demonstrated his commitment to the causes of Muslims around the world.

6. Legacy of Sacrifice: Jauhar’s legacy is also marked by his willingness to make personal sacrifices for the cause of India’s independence. He was imprisoned several times and endured hardships during his quest for freedom.

7. Recognition: Mohammad Ali Jauhar is remembered as a national hero in India, and his legacy is celebrated as an important chapter in the country’s struggle for independence. Numerous educational institutions, streets, and buildings have been named after him in his honor.

8. Inspirational Figure: He continues to inspire generations of Indians, particularly those who value freedom, unity, and the principles of social justice. His writings and speeches remain relevant and continue to be studied in the context of India’s struggle for independence.

In conclusion, Mohammad Ali Jauhar’s legacy is one of unwavering dedication to the cause of Indian independence, promoting education and unity, and making personal sacrifices for the greater good. He remains an iconic figure in India’s history and its fight for freedom.

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