Khwaja Mir Dard

خواجہ میر درد‎

Khwaja Mir Dard


Khwaja Mir Dard (1721-1785) was an 18th-century Sufi poet and mystic from Delhi, known for his significant contributions to Urdu poetry and Islamic mysticism. His deeply spiritual poetry, including ghazals and rubaiyat, explores themes of divine love and the inner journey toward God. Mir Dard’s works continue to influence and inspire readers, making him a prominent figure in Urdu literature and Sufi poetry.

Resting place

The famed Sufi poet and mystic Khwaja Mir Dard is thought to be buried in Delhi, India. His mausoleum is close to the well-known shrine of the Chishti saint Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, a well-known Sufi saint. Khwaja Mir Dard is renowned for his devotional poetry and was intimately connected to the Sufi tradition. For individuals who are interested in Sufi mysticism and literature, his resting place in Delhi is revered.

Notable work

During the Mughal Empire, Khwaja Mir Dard (1720–1785) was a well-known Sufi poet and mystic from Delhi, India. He is renowned for his very spiritual and philosophical poetry, which mostly addressed Sufism, divine love, and the soul’s interior journey. Among his noteworthy creations are:

1. “Chandar Bhan”
“Chandar Bhan” is among the most well-known pieces by Khwaja Mir Dard. It is an anthology of his poems that delves into themes of heavenly love, yearning, and the ethereal encounters of a Sufi seeking divine guidance.

2. “Ghazals”
Many of Khwaja Mir Dard’s ghazals are still praised for their spiritual profundity and beauty. His ghazals frequently address the themes of spiritual oneness, being cut off from the Divine, and longing for a closer relationship with God.

3. “Chandar Bhan Kahe Na Dard Ko Raaz”
This is yet another significant work by Khwaja Mir Dard exploring the spiritual path and the mysteries of divine love. It displays his profound knowledge of Islamic mysticism’s esoteric facets and Sufi philosophy.

Those who are interested in Sufism, mysticism, and classical Urdu and Persian poetry continue to study and admire Khwaja Mir Dard’s poetry, which has a lasting impact on the Sufi literary heritage. The Indian subcontinent’s cultural and spiritual environment has been profoundly impacted by his writings.

Early life

Mir Muhammad Taqi was the full name of Khwaja Mir Dard. In the eighteenth century in India, Khwaja Mir Dard was a well-known Sufi poet and scholar. He was born in 1721 in Delhi into a family of poets and philosophers of the Sufis. This is a synopsis of his early years:

1. Origins and Lineage: In 1721, Khwaja Mir Dard was born in Delhi, which at the time was a significant hub of scholarship and culture. His family had a long history of Sufism and literature. Notable Sufi poets were also his grandfather, Khwaja Muhammad Usman, and father, Khwaja Muhammad Nasir.

2. Schooling: Arabic, Persian, and Islamic studies were all part of Mir Dard’s conventional Islamic education. His subsequent poems were significantly impacted by his studies of Sufi literature and the poetry of the classical Persian poets.

3. A Spiritual Expedition: Mir Dard started his spiritual path at an early age and was accepted into the Chishti Sufi order, which is well-known for emphasizing spiritual realization, love, and devotion. His poems and philosophy on life were greatly influenced by this.

4. Literary Pursuits: Mir Dard’s interest in poetry was heightened by his exposure to Delhi’s literary and Sufi groups, which at the time were a centre of intellectual and cultural activity. He wrote poetry in Persian and Urdu, including ghazals and rubaiyat, and became well-known for his lyrical and mystical lyrics.

5. Education and Persuasion: In addition, Mir Dard became become a Sufi teacher, drawing a large student body to him due to his literary gifts and spiritual insight. He emphasized themes of love, devotion, and the inner journey in his poetry as a way of sharing Sufi teachings and spiritual truths.

Khwaja Mir Dard’s early years were characterized by a deep spirituality, literary, and Sufi background. Respected in the literary and Sufi traditions of his day, he made contributions to Urdu and Persian poetry in addition to his duty as a spiritual advisor. His poetry is still praised for its profoundly philosophical and spiritual subjects.


Indian mystic and poet Khwaja Mir Dard (1721–1785) was well-known for his Sufi poetry. His spiritual writings and Sufi poetry, which are still praised for their profundity of meaning and expression, are his most well-known works. Among his noteworthy creations are:

1. “Chandar Bhan” (also written as “Chandarvanshi” or “Chandar Bhans”): This is among his best-known poems and a key piece of Sufi poetry. It is an anthology of mystical and spiritual poetry that addresses themes of soul travel, heavenly love, and the desire for unity with the heavenly.

2. Khwaja Mir Dard’s prose work “Risala-e-Dard” offers direction and counsel on Sufism and the road to spiritual enlightenment. This intellectual and spiritual work explores the subtleties of Sufi practice and philosophy.

3. “Ilm-ul-Kitab” A work that emphasizes book knowledge with references to the Quran and spiritual wisdom. Writings by Khwaja Mir Dard frequently stress the value of gaining spiritual knowledge in order to comprehend the Divine on a deeper level.

4. “Nur-i-Bashar”: This important work delves into Sufi concepts and the spiritual path. It discusses the idea of the inner light and how heavenly love illuminates the human spirit.

Khwaja Mir Dard is renowned for his profound spirituality, exquisite lyricism, and examination of the inner workings of human existence in his poems and writings. Those who are drawn to Islamic literature’s mystical elements and Sufism continue to study and value his works.


Khwaja Mir Dard was a well-known poet from 18th-century India who wrote in both Persian and Urdu and was also a Sufi mystic. In the fields of poetry, literature, and Sufi philosophy, he made a lasting contribution. Among the important facets of his legacy are:

1. Poetry by Sufis:  The main focus of Mir Dard’s fame is his Sufi poetry. His poetry is rife with mystical and spiritual themes, frequently delving into the profound bond that exists between a person’s soul and the divine. Sufi scholars and practitioners still study and admire his poetry, which has had a significant impact on Sufi thinking.

2. Input into Urdu Literary Works: Significant contributions to Urdu literature were made by Khwaja Mir Dard. In addition to having a mystical and spiritual quality, his poetry advanced Urdu’s status as a literary language. His writings are excellent examples of the Urdu language’s elegance and depth.

3. The Philosophy of Mysticism: Mir Dard’s profound comprehension of Sufi philosophy is evident in his poems. The oneness of God, the road to enlightenment, and divine love are topics that frequently appear in his writings. Scholars and Sufis alike are still studying his intellectual insights.

4. Orders from Sufis: Being a member of the Naqshbandi Sufi order, Mir Dard was instrumental in the dissemination of Sufi teachings. He is regarded as one of the most important Sufi saints of his era, and his legacy is entwined with the larger history of Sufism on the Indian subcontinent.

5. Impact on Subsequent Poets:

Mir Dard’s poetry left a profound impression on poets of later generations, both inside and outside of the Indian subcontinent. Many Urdu and Persian poets who followed him have left their spiritual and poetic marks on their works.

6. Written Pieces: “Hadiqat al-Su’ada” (The Garden of the Blessed), a compilation of his poetry and Sufi teachings, is one of his most well-known works. Particularly this work is widely esteemed for its poetic and spiritual value.

Khwaja Mir Dard left behind a lasting legacy of profound poetry and spiritual teachings that continue to inspire people who are drawn to the mystical aspects of human existence, Urdu literature, and Sufism. His contributions to the Indian subcontinent’s literary and spiritual legacy are well-known and appreciated.

See also


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